is Electional Astrology?
at its simplest, electional astrology is the art of choosing the
best moment for any particular project or event. All projects begin
with an idea and then are followed by a plan to manifestation. When
electing a chart we are homing in on a point of no return, a time
when so much is committed that you are unlikely to back away.
astrology is the astrology of choice. In most fields of astrology
we take careful note of the time and place of the event and after
setting a chart examine it to see what it can tell us. In electional
astrology we choose a chart to ensure the best possible outcome
for an event. In a way it's back to front astrology. But the principles
are the same. Many of the rules for electional astrology are derived
from horary astrology.
horary astrology we are seeking the answer to a question. In electional
astrology we know the answer we want - the problem can lie in correctly
defining the question. There is no space to be vague in either field.
charts can be prepared for almost any event. Weddings, beginning
a new job, starting a business, moving house, holding a party…the
list is almost endless. For ethical reasons most astrologers won't
attempt to elect a chart for illegal acts and because of the work
involved, few will elect charts for trivial events - such as a party.
This doesn't stop you from choosing the best time for a party by
astrology if you wish, of course. A lot of the electional rules
given in old textbooks refer to how to build a church or establish
a new country or the best time to put a king on the throne. Most
people are more concerned with having a good night out, buying new
clothes and finding a partner. So I'll stick to more mundane examples.
astrology has a long history. In times when the people's birth details
would not be known the astrologer would only have recourse to electional
or horary astrology.
astrologer-magician John Dee, elected the chart for Queen Elizabeth
I's coronation as well as aiding in the timing of the sailing of
the Armada. Pope Julius II had the day of his coronation chosen
by an astrologer. In a war between Pisa and Florence, the Florentines
commissioned their official astrologer to fix an auspicious hour
for the departure of reinforcements and nearly lost a battle owing
to the astrologer insisting that the army take a circuitous route
out of the city and so arriving much later than it should have.
the East, electional astrology is more commonly used. A number of
countries including Burma, India, Nepal and Pakistan had charts
elected for the start of the nation.
you can choose the chart you need some basic information about the
issue at hand. For example, if you're electing a chart for someone
starting a new job:- is this a new career direction, or simply a
way of making some extra cash for the time being? If you are electing
a chart for yourself it can be useful to note down what you expect
and hope to gain from this particular event so you are clear in
your mind before you begin
you are clear about what the issue involves then you need to consider
the practicalities. When is it possible for the event to take place?
And where? For example, it is highly unlikely that a couple will
wish, or be able, to marry at 3 15 am. Most business events will
take place during business hours on a weekday. If people need to
travel to attend the event then an early start could cause difficulties.
may be restricted to certain days of the week, certain times of
day and maybe even particular dates. The location of your event
could be restricted to one particular place or you may have a choice,
for example, in the signing of a contract. Once you are clear about
the parameters involved you can begin to work on the chart. It is
likely that you will have a restricted amount of choices to work
well as considering what you hope to gain, it is also worth considering
what you wish to avoid. It is likely that you will have to incorporate
a few "bad" points into the chart you choose. If you are aware of
what would be the worst of these combinations, it is simpler to
make the choice.
need to have an awareness of traditional rulerships and dignities.
But there will be times when the outer planets need to be considered.
For example, Uranus is clearly involved if you are electing a time
to buy a computer. I shall say more about the planets later.
good day for one activity could be a terrible day for another. Moon
in Capricorn would make a dull party but be great for something
that needed hard work.
begin by deciding exactly what we want to achieve with this particular
chart. There may be a number of factors, which need attention so
it's often a good idea to decide what the priorities are. If you're
throwing a party do you want to make sure everyone has a wild time,
that the right people meet each other, that it's as cheap as possible…..?
can then move onto deciding what astrological factors best fit in.
The first thing we need to take note of is which planets best reflect
the venture we have in mind.
Planets and elections
is important to decide which planet rules the enterprise. The planets
represent principles and by deciding which principle we wish to
be emphasised, we can decide which of the planets is most closely
connected. Some examples follow:-
Power and rulership, heads of organisations, recognition of talents,
awards. Exalted in 19 degrees of Aries and ruler of Leo. It functions
well in fire signs.
buying a home
Communication, mental undertakings, places of learning, media, Mercury
is exalted in 15 degrees Virgo and rules Gemini and Virgo. It functions
well in air signs. Travel in general. Commerce. Legal maters day
to day basis.
three times a year, Mercury turns retrograde. For 20% of the time
it is retrograde. It appears to slow down, stop, move backwards
for about three weeks, stop again and then return to moving forward.
When Mercury is retrograde this is a critical time for communications.
Information may be misunderstood, fail to reach its destination
or simply be confusing. Mercury retrograde is generally a good time
for checking and reviewing rather than beginning something anew.
Because of the potential confusion, astrologers will often attempt
to avoid a retrograde Mercury in an electional chart. If the chart
is related to a Mercury type event in any way, it is clearly even
more important to avoid Mercury retrograde. This includes making
an announcement, short journeys, cars, computers, electronic gadgets,
and telephones amongst other things. When Mercury is in one of its
own signs, Gemini or Virgo, or in an angular house, the effect is
likely to be even more marked. It is probably best to avoid Mercury
retrograde completely, if possible.
Unity, beauty, harmony. Women, love, relationships, arts. Venus
is exalted in 27 degrees of Pisces and rules Libra and Taurus. It
functions well in Cancer and Pisces but is in its detriment in Scorpio.
Money. Pleasure. Theatre, cinema, concerts.
Assertiveness, force, initiative surgery. Mars is exalted in 28
degrees Capricorn and rules Aries and Scorpio. Speeds things up,
impatience, lack of care and consideration. Good for a contest or
sporting activity. Military.
Co-operation, the establishment. Jupiter is exalted in 15 degrees
of Cancer. It rules Sagittarius and Pisces. Exaggerates, worsens
any bad weather conditions. Baptism. Legal matters, law, courts.
Order and restraint, structure, durability. Saturn is exalted in
21 degrees Libra. It rules Capricorn and Aquarius. Concentration
and restriction can inhibit and cause frustration but may be useful
in constructive endeavours. Long term investments.
Change, invention and the desire to be different. It has
an affinity with Aquarius. Sudden change forcing things to move
on. Associated with technology.
Perfection, illusion, delusion. It has an affinity with Pisces.
Unreality and illusion, loss delay and deceit. It can be used positively
in artistic or spiritual ventures but there may be problems in achieving
end results. Fraud
Renewal, rebirth. Pluto destroys and brings to the fore power issues.
It is useful when considering things like pest control. It has an
affinity with Scorpio.
and Mars are regarded as having a malefic influence, except in circumstances
when they are significators. Venus and Jupiter are usually classed
as benefic. The outer planets are also generally regarded as malefic
except when significators. Owing to the slow motion of these planets
we are severely restricted in their use.
electing a chart we need to decide what are the basic significators,
the planets, signs and houses ruling the matter for which the election
is required. The Moon is of paramount importance and I'll talk about
the Moon in a moment. We also need to consider the ascendant, its
ruler and the cusp of the house ruling the matter.
a malefic is a significator it ceases to be a malefic for the matter
at hand. Similarly, if Jupiter and Venus afflict the significators
they may cease to be benefics. The "benefics" are fortified by being
placed in their own signs, exaltations, angles or in succedent houses
and then in good aspect or reception to the significators. Cadent
house may show failure or delay. The ascendant should not contain
any malefic planet and care needs to be taken to choose an ascendant
that favours the business in some way. The ruler of the ascendant
should never be retrograde.
general nature of the signs needs to be considered. For a speedy
conclusion to a matter cardinal signs are suitable, for slowness
of permanence fixed signs are preferable and if time is less important,
mutable signs may be considered. The chief significators should
be placed in signs relating to the nature of the election and the
ascendant should be placed in a sign denoting the speed and general
effect desired. As the ascendant also signifies the person using
the election it should be strengthened along with its ruler and
dispositor. As the fourth house denotes the end of the matter, it
is advisable to strengthen it also as far as possible. However,
the Moon and planets and houses generally take precedence.
Sun or Moon should not be in the ascendant. If the Moon has to be
placed in the ascendant it is important that it be strengthened
as far as possible.
Moon principally represents change and receptiveness. Women in general
and mothers in particular come under the rulership of the Moon.
She also rules the general public. The moon is exalted in 3 degrees
of Taurus and rules the sign Cancer. She also functions well in
Pisces but as Scorpio is the sign of her fall and Capricorn her
detriment she is not well placed in those signs. As the closest
of the planets to the Earth and the fastest moving of the astrological
planets, the Moon is the most important planet to consider in electional
astrology. Although it has specific rulerships, these are of secondary
importance to the role of the Moon in general. The quality of a
particular time may be described by the sign through which the Moon
is passing. In one month the Moon will pass through all of the zodiac
signs, each one for approximately two and a half days. The Sun's
position can describe the general tenor of the month, but it is
the Moon's sign that will describe the day.
made by the Moon will modify the description given by her sign placement.
It is best to try and avoid applying hard aspects to the Moon as
they can produce difficulties. Keeping the Moon away from hard aspects
to the outer planets can help to avert problems.
good aspect between the Sun and Moon can be an ideal foundation
for success. But although a trine or sextile between the lights
can help the chart, it is important to judge it in context. If this
would mean that difficult aspects are made between the Moon and
Saturn, for example, the advantage of this phase would be lost.
Traditionally the first twelve hours following the New Moon are
said to be bad for elections. The next 72 are good, the next 12
bad, the next 72 good and so on. Generally most astrologers treat
a New Moon as a good time for the beginning of a venture and avoid
the Full Moon unless the intention is to see something end, or come
cycle of the Sun and Moon is embedded in our culture. We use the
cycle in counting time. The phases of the Moon were considered of
great importance in times past and were published in almanacs. Even
today many calendars show the phases of the Moon. Rough and ready
electional astrology relies completely on this cycle. The New Moon
is classed as a time of new beginnings. It is a time to establish
the foundations. The first quarter is a time that requires action
and adjustment. The full Moon brings matters to fruition. The next
quarter is another time of crisis and adjustment. Therefore, anything
begun on a quarter Moon is likely to require some alteration and
can be unstable. The first half of the cycle represents growth,
the second a maturing. The Full Moon can be a good time for reaching
an agreement and making a compromise.
in casting an electional chart we are seeking more than a simple
rule of thumb guide. And here the Moon is of paramount importance.
As the fastest moving of the planets it is the Moon that gives us
most leeway, besides the angles, when choosing a chart. Whatever
the matter under consideration it is therefore important to make
sure that the Moon is as strong as possible. The following result
in the position of the Moon being weakened, are best avoided as
far as possible.
The Moon being combust or within 7 1/2 degrees of the Sun, it is
advised in older texts that a minimum distance of twelve degrees
should exist between the Sun and Moon. If you MUST have the Moon
near the Sun, a separating conjunction is preferable to an applying
The Moon should not be placed in the degree of her fall, 3 degrees
The Moon should not be in opposition to the Sun.
Conjunctions, squares or oppositions between the Moon and Saturn
or Mars should be avoided. (There may be exceptions to this rule
when Saturn or Mars have rulership over the matter in question.)
The Moon should not be within twelve degrees of either of the nodes.
It is better to avoid the Moon being in the latter degrees of the
same sign as Mars or Saturn.
The Moon should not be placed in the via combusta or between 15
degrees of Libra and 15 degrees of Scorpio.
Any position which weakens the Moon should be avoided, e.g. the
Moon in its sign of detriment, Capricorn.
Times when the motion of the Moon is slow should be avoided. A glance
at an ephemeris will show the relative speeds of the Moon, as the
mean speed of the Moon is 13 degrees per day, movement below that
is classed as slow.
The Moon should not be void of course (where it perfects no aspect
to another planet before leaving the sign it is in- therefore generally
in late degrees of a sign).
general terms we want the Moon to be as strong as possible. Aspects
between the Moon and Venus or Jupiter will usually add strength.
Although it is generally thought that the Moon should not be in
the ascendant it is good to have it aspecting the ascendant. If
you have no choice but to have a weakened Moon in the chart, it
is best to keep her away from the angles. The effect can be somewhat
mitigated by placing either Jupiter or Venus in an angular house,
or as near to an angle as possible.
possible, the Moon should be placed in the house ruling the matter
or in any angular house besides the first. If speed is desired,
it may be best to place Venus or Jupiter in the ascendant or midheaven.
If the Moon is still weak, it is best that she be placed in an angular
or succedent house without making an aspect to the ascendant, its
ruler, the ruler of the house ruling the matter, its dispositor
or any important significator. If haste is essential, she should
be placed in a house with no aspect to the ascendant with a benefic
rising or favourably aspecting the rising degree.
Moon in the Signs
For promotion, a one man show where a single individual is in complete
charge, quick action and decisiveness. Not good for co-operation
or group activities.
Good for material growth and longevity, gardening or farming. Business
ventures where capital is at stake and income must be assured. Not
for rapid action, decision making or group activities.
Salesmanship, rapid thought processes and an ability to
meet a challenge on a mental level and communicate easily. Unfavourable
for heavy concentration or repetitive action.
Good for domestic tasks, but too moody for most business propositions
and too personal for group causes; family oriented.
Brings attention, one person operation, drama and extravagance are
displayed, can lack originality.
Good for machine oriented businesses, including computers. Too much
attention to detail for most things.
Good for marriage or joining or balancing any two diverse influences
in harmony, liaison work, litigation, arbitration, not for rapid
action or materialistic pursuits.
Only good for destructive ventures e.g. pest control.
Only good if willing to wait for results.
Conservative and staid, methodical and practical, good for organisation
but bad socially.
Best for social events, parties, people oriented plans and group
activities, not including fund raising. Lacks practicality.
Confuses but good for arts. Lack of materialism and realism.
between the Moon and other planets
- begin only secret matters.
- begin work for the influential, good for seeking favours, good
for short journeys, new friends and clerical work. Square - bad
for changes, travel anything new, dealing with the influential,
good for dealing with the nobility
- good for managing the affairs of others, beginnings, new meetings,
dealing with important people.
- good for dealing with the titled but not with the rich, good for
beginning a change.
Conjunction - good for writing, correspondence, accounts, commercial
transactions, sending messages, despatch, signing contracts and
- good for study
- good for travel, buying and selling but not agreements or writing
- good for sending children to school for the first time, study,
mental work requiring ingenuity, dealing with lawyers
- bad for contracts, good for dealing with fellow workers, travel
- good for pleasure, love, clothes
- good for financial affairs, buying jewellery
- good for sports, marriage, hiring servants
- good for love affairs and wearing new clothes if the Moon is not
- bad for money as causes extravagance and can also lead to trouble
Conjunction - bad for journeys and dealing with soldiers or doctors
- good for buying houses, weapons, tools, contests and fights
- bad in general especially for marriage, friendship and dealing
with the influential
- good for hunting, war, dealing with martial people
- bad for journeys, friendships and dealing with women. A bad time
to begin anything of importance
- good for dealing with lawyers, doctors, churchmen and professionals
- good for making decisions, marriage, investing and speculating
- good for studying but bad for speculation and dealing with the
- good for new ventures, dealing with professionals
- unlucky for journeys
Conjunction - bad, especially when dealing with the elderly, those
ruled by Saturn, journeys, businesses and new venture Sextile -
good for building, mining, dealing with the elderly, magistrates
and officials, bad for affairs involving women
- bad in general but especially for taking medicine and travel
- good for repairing, old places, building and agriculture
- bad for starting a new enterprise, engaging employees, financial
investment, seeking favours
Positive aspects are good for dealing with government bodies, joining
groups studying mystical matters, starting electrical work and aviation.
Negative aspects are bad for journeys, removals, making friends,
marriage and electrical danger
Positive aspects are good for social work, travel by water, art,
music, visiting institutions and anaesthetics. Negative aspects
are bad for travel, speculation, affairs, marriage, contracts, operations,
beginning artistic work.
Positive aspects are good for pest control.
signs and elections
cardinal signs, Aries, Cancer, Libra and Capricorn signify things
that alter and last a short time. For matters such as planting,
buying and selling, placing the ascendant in these signs can be
useful. If considering the length of a journey it can be shortened
by placing the ascendant in one of these signs. Promises and agreements
made when one of these signs is rising are more likely to be met
speedily. The fixed signs, Taurus, Leo, Scorpio and Aquarius ensure
that things will last a long time. Therefore those signs are well
placed on the ascendant when considering charts for marriage, building
or any venture you wish to last. The mutable signs Gemini, Virgo,
Sagittarius and Pisces rising show that matters will not necessarily
endure a long time.
houses need to be considered for specific elections. Many of the
older rules may be adapted to other situations. It is impossible
to offer detailed rules for every circumstance, so in addition to
following the general rules it is suggested that you read the examples
for the house that is associated with the matter in hand and adapt
the rules accordingly.
house matters The first house rules the appearance. Any
matter to do with your appearance comes under the remit of this
House matters The second house is associated with matters
related to finance. Elections to do with personal finances, money
lent, making profits are governed by this house. Your bank account,
salary and all items that you own are governed by this house.
house matters The third house is associated with short journeys,
writing letters and passing on messages. Anything concerned with
short journeys, such as cars, falls under the remit of the third
house. It governs all forms of communications including telephone
calls and email.
house matters The fourth house governs matters related to
land, houses, the ending of any matter, gardens and gardening. Buying
House matters The fifth house is related to any matters
associated with pleasure - throwing a party, beginning a love affair,
and gambling. Matters of entertainment, theatre, pubs are ruled
by this house. Speculation in general comes under the remit of the
fifth house including the stock markets.
house matters The sixth house relates to people who work
for you, and elections concerned with giving people employment.
All matters of service and work come under this house. It governs
trade and merchandise. Additionally the sixth house governs all
matters to do with health and illness.
house matters The seventh house governs all types of partnerships
house matters The eighth house governs inheritances, and
money that belongs to others. It also governs the payment of taxes.
It also governs matters related to death, such as undertaking and
the resources of your partner.
house matters The ninth house governs long journeys, matters
of religion and higher learning. It is also associated with publishing
and insurance. Baptism, as Jupiter's house.
house matters The tenth house governs your profession, gaining
honour or awards and all matters of status.
house matters The eleventh house governs attaining a wish
or desire and friendship. Achieving a wish or desire, gaining a
good reputation and good friendship.
house matters The twelfth house governs imprisonment. It
is associated with large institutions such as hospitals.
If the planet that is the significator is also the ruler of the
planetary hour the chart is strengthened. The astrological day begins
at the moment of local sunrise and the night at local sunset. The
time between sunrise and sunset is divided into 12 equal parts,
each of which is called one planetary hour. Similarly, the time
between sunset and the following sunrise is divided into twelve
equal parts that give the planetary hours of the night. To do this
you will need a table of sunrise and sunset for the place where
the chart is set. The rulership of the hours depends on the day
of the week, which are ruled by the planets as follows:-
is ruled by the Sun.
is ruled by the Moon.
is ruled by Mars.
is ruled by Mercury.
is ruled by Jupiter.
is ruled by Venus.
is ruled by Saturn.
first planetary hour of each day (after sunrise) is ruled by the
planet ruling the day itself. The succeeding hours are ruled by
the planets in the following order: - Saturn, Jupiter, Mars, Sun,
Venus, Mercury, and Moon. Therefore on a Sunday the first hour after
sunrise is ruled by the Sun, 2nd by Venus, 3rd by Mercury, 4th by
the Moon, 5th by Saturn, 6th by Jupiter, 7th by Mars and the 8th
by the Sun whereupon the cycle is repeated.
general qualities of the hours are as follows:-
For undertakings that involve patience, endurance and perseverance
as well as dealing with Saturn-ruled people, including the elderly.
Good for matters to do with the land and archaeology. Unfavourable
for borrowing money, taking medicine and beginning a journey. Saturn
is the natural ruler of labourers, miners, plumbers and fathers.
It rules deserts, pine woods, valleys, churchyards, wells, graves,
dark or dirty places. In houses it is the ruler of doors and thresholds.
Good for dealing with Jupiterian people, borrowing and lending money
and seeking employment. Not good for surgery. Jupiter rules judges,
councillors, ecclesiastics, clergy, lawyers and foreigners. It rules
courts, altars and important public buildings.
Good for dealing with doctors or dentists or other Mars ruled people.
Bad for journeys. Mars rules soldiers, gunners, butchers, surgeons,
metalworkers, barbers and carpenters.
Good for approaching the influential or titled. Bad for
courtship and marriage. Particularly bad for entering a house for
the first time. The Sun rules magistrates and the father.
Good for courtship and marriage and dealing with women or
matters related to women. Favourable for all social activities.
Good for beginning a journey and planting. But bad for surgery.
Venus rules jewellery, painters, drapers, musicians, songs upholsterers
and decorators. It is associated with everything used for female
adornment as well as purses and cash.
Good for buying and selling, writing letters, signing documents
and other Mercurial activities. Bad for marriage, good for borrowing
or lending money and taking medicine. It rules all matters of communication
and short journeys. It is also the ruler of tradespeople, office
workers, secretaries, writers, printers, accountants, tailors and
Good for courtship or marriage, making friends, hiring servants,
advertising and opening shops. Not good for buying animals, lending
money, taking medicine or making clothes. The Moon rules women and
those whose work is connected with the sea or water. It also symbolises
the general public. Animals that live in water are ruled by the